Townsville / Australië
The Australian town of Townsville (96,000 inhabitants) is located in northern Queensland on the east coast of Australia. In 1770 James Cook discovered the Magnetic Island off the city, which owes its name to the circumstance that the needle of the compass of its ship was diverted in a wrong direction during the ride by. This phenomenon has never been observed again, and the cause is therefore unclear, under circumstances a "magnetic disturbance in the seabed" could have been the cause. In 1864, the first white settlers arrived in the neighborhood of today's Townsville, shortly afterwards goldfields were discovered in the hinterland of the settlement, which accelerated the development of the city. Townsville lies sheltered behind the Great Barrier Reef, at the mouth of the Ross River in the Pacific and is surpassed by the 286-meter-high Castle Hill.