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Haven lijst - Australië

The squarely laid-out inner city with about 1.1 million inhabitants is similar to that of Melbourne and Christchurch (New Zealand). It has been planned from the outset as a business district. Adelaide is held in strict architecture and is surrounded by the leisurely flowing Torrens River. A few years ago Adelaide was rather dull and puritanical. With the arrival of the artists scene in North Adelaide, this picture has however changed fundamentally and Adelaide is getting increasingly cosmopolitan.
The suburb Glenelg comes very close to the English models. Old residential houses, snug inns and many restaurants characterize this place. The beaches are from Marino to Osborn invite for a swim. The beach at Glenelg is just one part of the many kilometer-long beach. Maslin Beach is one of the most beautiful and cleanest beaches in the country. The beautiful countryside is reminiscent of a lunar landscape. On the one side the sea and on the other a jagged rock landscape. Another plus is an attractive hinterland, for example, the forested low mountain range of the Adelaide Hills and the Mount Lofty Range.
Airlie Beach with its 2,800 inhabitants, located in the federal state of Queensland, is a popular tourist destination on the east coast of Australia. Near the Whitsunday Islands and the diving paradise of the Great Barrier Reef area, the town attracts people also due to its pleasant and yet tropical climates from around the world.
Albany is met ruim 30.000 inwoners één van de grootste steden in Western Australia. Het ligt aan de Zuidelijke Oceaan (ook wel Antarctische Oceaan of Zuidpoolzee genoemd), op 408 km afstand van Perth en ca. 53 km van Denmark en het beschikt over een natuurlijke haven.
De heerlijke zandstranden zijn omgeven van granietgesteente dat miljarden jaren oud is.

De eerste bewoners kwamen 1826 naar Albany, twee jaar voordat Perth werd bewoond. De stad is vandaag de dag een populaire vakantiebestemming voor geheel West-Australië.

In de omgeving van Albany liggen de natuurspektakels Natural Bridge en The Gap.
Alice Springs is van andere stedelijke centra met een bevolking van ongeveer 22.000 de enige grote stad van Australische binnenland, ongeveer 1.500 kilometer. In de loop van de transatlantische telegraaf werd kabel leggen van de eerste nederzetting gebouwd in 1872. Vandaag is Alice Springs, de belangrijkste vertrekpunt voor reizigers in de eindeloze uitgestrektheid van de outback.
Canberra is de hoofdstad van Australië en tegelijkertijd de grootste stad in het binnenland van het vasteland met een bevolking van ongeveer 350.000. De stad van gepland, waarvan de bouw begon in 1913, werd opgericht als een compromis, omdat de rivaliteit tussen Melbourne en Sydney naar de hoofdstad status voor iedere oplossing kon bereiken. Op 9 mei 1927 was Canberra eindelijk officieel hoofdstad.
Biggesee eiland is gelegen op 6 km uit de kust van North Western Australia de Kimberley. Na Augustus is eiland het tweede grootste eiland van de archipel van Bonaparte.
Brisbane is the state capital of Queensland in northeast Australia.
The city lies on the Brisbane River near its estuary mouth with the Coral Sea, with 1.73 million inhabitants (in the metropolitan area). Brisbane was founded in 1824 as a penal colony and is named after the then Ggvernor of New South Wales, Sir Thomas Brisbane.
Broome is het centrum van de parelindustrie en ligt aan de Indische Oceaan. Bijzonder inspirerend zijn de eindeloze, witte stranden met turquoisblauw water en een rood-oranje kleurige, rotsachtige kust. De stad heeft door de voormalige parelduikers een Aziatisch karakter en er is ook een kleine Chinatown.
Bunbury is een stad met ongeveer 60.000 inwoners in de Australische deelstaat West-Australië. De plaats werd gesticht in 1979 groeide op in 1829, naar de stad. Bunbury begint het traject van de kust, bekend als "Goudkust" met zijn prachtige witte zandstranden.
Bundaberg is met haar 47.000 inwoners, een plaats (town) in de Australische deelstaat Queensland, gelegen aan de Burnett rivier, in de buurt van de kust van het Oosten. Bundaberg is opgericht in 1870, en werd al snel een belangrijk handelscentrum voor de omliggende suikerriet-plantages. Vandaag, speelt deze industrie hier een ondersteunende rol.
Cairns, de hoofdstad van de regio "Far North", is gevuld met tropische levenslust. Als geheime "Backpacker"-hoofdstad van Australië trekt het, door zijn nagenoeg onbegrenste vrijetijdsaanbod, jonge reizigers bijna magisch aan. De kristalheldere zee, witte zandstranden omgeven van palmen bieden de beste voorwaarden voor watersporters. Niet ver weg van Cairns liggen ongerepte kusten en baaien en een mysterieuze wildernis van regenwouden met een hoog middelgebergte massief op de achtergrond.
The town Camden Harbour was in 1865 the first attempt to colonize the Australian Kimberley, located in the deserted northwest of Australia.
The headland Cape York is the northernmost point of Australia. The Cape York Peninsula is part of the state of Queensland.
The sea surrounding the island is a paradise for divers, besides, there are huge numbers of marine birds and the largest shell prawns of the world. Th climate is mild throughout the year and rainfalls are rare.
Cid Harbour is a large, well-protected natural harbor on Whitsunday Island, the largest island of the Whitsunday Islands that lies ahead of Queensland (Australia) in the Pacific.
The Cobourg Peninsula is located in the Northern Territories, in the north of the Australian continent. The land area is mainly known among nature lovers for the Cobourg Marine Park and the Garig Gunak National Park.
Cooktown in Queensland is de noordelijkste stad aan de Australische oostkust. De Engelse ontdekker James Cook landde hier in 1770, in de monding van de Endeavor, de naar zijn schip benoemde rivier en verbracht daar met zijn crew meerdere dagen om zijn schip te repareren.
Ongeveer 110 jaren later vond men in de Palmer River goud. Door de aandrang van de diggers (goudzoekers) ontstond een tentenstad waaruit zeer snel een echte nederzetting ontstond die men de naam Cook´s Town gaf (later Cooktown). Daarmaals telde Coocktown ca. 30.000 inwoners. Maar nog voor de eeuwwisseling verdween de goudvondst en de nedergang van de stad begon. In 1907 en 1949 waaide hevige stormen over de stad zodat een groot deel van Cooktown werd verwoest. De nederzetting heeft vandaag de dag ongeveer 1.800 inwoners.
Cowes is the capital of the Australian island Phillip Island, which is the most visited tourist attraction in Australia after the Ayers Rock.
The Crocodile Islands are an archipelago, located off the coast of Australia's Northern Territory. The archipelago was discovered in the 17th century by the Dutch. Among the better-known islands of the group,belongs, for example, Milingimbi.
Voor de natuurlijke baai van de haven kunt u van alles bewonderen. In de haven liggen gezonken schepen uit de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Duikers kunnen dit wrak onderzoeken, er groeien daar vele nieuwe koralen. Het is mogelijk de haven met een boot te verkennen. Er worden zeiltouren en rondvaarten aangeboden. Tijdens vloed in de Doctors Gully zijn er talrijke, hongerige vissen die u met de hand kunt voeren.
Dirk Hartog Island is an island in the area of Shark Bay on the west coast of Australia. It is about 80 km long and between 3-15 km wide and the longest and most western island of Western Australia. The Dutch explorer Dirk Hartog after which the island was named, stepped on October 25, 1616 for the first time on Australian soil, making him the second European in Australia. Dirk Hartog Island is officially accessible through the city of Denham only for 10 years and is still uninhabited. It belongs to the political municipality Shire of Shark Bay and is privately owned. Due to optimal environmental conditions, the island has been a UNESCO world heritage since 1991.
Dunk Island is een klein eiland gelegen voor de kust van de Australische bondsstaat Queensland. Het eiland behoort tot de Family Islands, het grootste gedeelte van zijn oppervlakte is een natuurreservaat en is een deel van het Family island National Park. De oorspronkelijke eigenaars en bewoners van het eiland waren de Aborigines-stammen van de Bandjin en de Djiru. Tegen het einde van de 19e eeuw vestigde zich uiteindelijk de eerste Europeanen voorgoed op Dunk Island.
Eden is one of the main places of Sapphire Coast, the southernmost part of the coast of the Australian state of New South Wales. The name of the coast can be attributed to the clear sapphire blue waters of the Pacific. The area of ​​the Sapphire Coast approximately populated fairly sparsely populated with 27,000 people is composed of many small places between which string together beautiful beaches, small villages in the fertile, slightly hilly hinterland and the densely wooded Brown Mountains, which are located about 70 km from the coast and which represent a beautiful, almost unexplored area for hiking. Eden, the southernmost town of the Sapphire Coast, situated on the picturesque Twofold Bay, was formerly a whaling center. Today, people have specialized in ocean fishing.
The Entrance Iceland, also known as Zuna is an approximately 3.3-km-long and 1.7 km wide uninhabited island of the archipelago of the Australian Torres Strait Islands. In 1606, six months before Luís Vaz de Torres, the sailor after whom these islands were named, the Dutchman Willem Janszoon discovered this archipelago. In 1770 finally, the Torres Strait Islands were occupied as part of Australia by the British. Today the islands belong mostly to the Australian state of Queensland.
Esperance is a town with about 10,000 inhabitants located on the south coast of the Australian state of Western Australia. The citys history began in 1627, when the Dutch vessel Guild Zeepaard passed by the local coastline. According to all presumptions, in 1792 French explorers were for the first time at the site of the present town when they went offboard as they sought refuge from a storm. The city was named after their ship L'Espérance ("Hope"). In the following years, whalers, pastors and miners settled there, who participated in the more northerly mines and the great gold rush. Today Esperance lives of fishing, agriculture and tourism.
At the center of Western Australia's coast 1,100 kilometers north of Perth is the small town of Exmouth with approximately 3000 inhabitants. In 1967 it was mainly built as a communications base of the US Navy, in the 90s, the US Navy is however removed again. The climate is tropical, but usually quite dry. The average temperature in winter is 25 ° C, in summer it lies at 35 ° C. Through the Leeuwin flow, a flow of hot water that moves from north to south, the water is warm all year round. It is responsible for the lush coral growth at Ningaloo Reef. Outside the front door in Exmouth are the beaches Jansz Beach, 5-Mile Beach and Turquoise Beach. From November to March you can see there the migration of rare green turtles that use the beach to lay their eggs.
Fitzalan is een kleine rotsachtige eiland voor de oostkust van Australië, tussen Hamilton en Whitsunday eiland.
Flinders Island is a Tasmanian island at the eastern end of Bass Strait between Tasmania and Australia.
Forbes Island is located off the coast of Cape York Peninsula, which belongs to the state of Queensland. The headland of Cape York is the northernmost point of Australia.
Fraser Island is the largest sand island in the world, it offers several lakes, Lake McKenzie, Lake Butterfly as well the wreck of T.S.S. Maheno.
Mostly of the jetty of the Kingfisher Bay Resort on the west coast of the island is used for docking.
Fremantle was in het begin van de 19e eeuw de hoofdstad van West-Australië. Voor vele immigranten was deze havenstad een poort naar het land "Down Under". Zo ontwikkelde zich Fremantle tot een multiculturele stad. Bekend is Fremantle vanwege zijn markt.
Een bijzondere belevenis is de gevangenis van Fremantle die tot 1991 in gebruik was en een dramatische getuige was van een onmenselijke gevangenis. Er is ook een 90 minuten durende nachttour om deze gevangenis te bezichtigen. Eveneens de moeite waard om te zien is het Fremantle Museum en het Western Australian Maritime Museum.
Geelong is the second largest city in the state of Victoria and a commercial, port and industrial center. 130,000 people live here.
 Geraldton experienced its heyday in 1890 as main port for the gold rush.
The Goulburn Islands are a group of small islands and islets off the coast of Arnhem Land, in Australia's Northern Territory. The Warruwi, the Australian aboriginals are the owners of these islands.
Het Great Barrier Reef, gelegen voor de noordoostkust van Australië, is het grootste en evenzo indrukwekkendste koraalrif ter wereld. Het telt tot de zeven wereldwonderden van de natuur en is sinds 1981 UNESCO wereldnatuurerfgoed. Het werd ontdekt in 1770 van de Britse zeevaarder James Cook die daar bij zijn eerste reis in de Grote Oceaan (1768 - 1771) met zijn schip vast liep.
Hamilton Cove is one of the Whitsunday Islands , an archipelago off the east coast of Australia, consisting of 74 islands of which 17 are inhabited. On June 4, 1770 James Cook sailed through the islands and named the passage traveled by him after Whitsunday, Whitsunday Passage. Most islands have national park status and are part of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area. The largest island is Whitsunday Island. The islands and the parallel running land were inhabited by the people of the Ngaro, one of Australia's oldest aboriginal tribe. They are regarded as good fishermen and navigators.
Hamilton Island is part of the archipelago of the Whitsundays off the coast of Queensland in Australia. The Whitsunday Islands consist of 74 islands of which 17 are inhabited. Originally, these islands were a mountain of volcanic origin and belonged to the mainland until the sea level raised considerably after the end of the last ice age. In the mid-19th century the first settlers came to the Whitsundays and in 1920 the first guest cabins were built on the islands. Hamilton Island is the largest inhabited island of the Whitsunday Islands.
The Hardy Reef is located 80 km off the Australian east coast of the state of Queensland. It is part of the Great Barrier Reef which is composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and about 1,000 islands and due to its this impressive dimensions is even visible to the naked eye from space. In October 1981, the entire reef system was declared by UNESCO a world nature heritage.
Hayman Island belongs to the group of islands of the Whitsundays off the coast of Queensland in Australia. The Whitsunday Islands consist of 74 islands of which 17 are inhabited. Originally, these islands were a mountain of volcanic origin and belonged to the mainland until the sea level raised considerably after the end of the last ice age. In the mid-19th century the first settlers came to the Whitsundays and as of 1920 the first guest cabins were built on the islands. Hayman Island is the northernmost of the these islands and has a size of about 360 hectares.
Hook Island belongs to the archipelago of the Whitsunday Islands, located off the coast of the east Australian state of Queensland. 17 of the 74 islands of the archipelago are inhabited, most of the islands are part of the Whitsunday Islands National Park. So also Hook Island, whose beautiful hiking trails will lead you to the most fantastic places and best lookouts of the island.
The Houtman Abrolhos Islands are three hours away by boat west of Geraldton in Western Australia. The namegiver of the islands, Frederick de Houtman (1571 - 1627), was a Dutch researcher who in 1619 discovered this hitherto unknown landmass when he followed the Australian coast northwards near the present-day Perth.
The Australian Hunter River rises south of Liverpool Ranges at a height of about 1,100 and flows eastwards in the state of New South Wales to the Pacific. The river has a length of about 210 km and immediately passes the towns of Maitland and Newcastle, two important centers for the trade of goods and commodities. In the 1790s it was discovered by European researchers and in 1797. officially named after John Hunter, the former governor of the British colony of New South Wales. The valley of the river is an important agriculturally usable area. The area is one of the most important of the whole continent for coal extraction.
Jar Island is a small rocky island off the northern coast of the Australian state of Western Australia, in the south of Vansittart Bay.
The Kangaroo Island is after Tasmania and the Melville Island  the third largest island of Australia. It lies in the Gulf of St. Vincent, 112 km southwest of Adelaide. About 10,000 years ago, this island was separated from the mainland by the rise of the sea. Around 4,100 people live here, of which 1,400 in the capital Kingscote. In many parts the Kangaroo Island is agricultural.
The Cape Leveque lies at the head of the Australian Dampier Peninsula, located 220 kilometers north of Broome. It has belonged for several years to the Bardi Aborigines. One handed them the land on the condition that they would use the area for a tourism project. In the following years the site of Kooljaman was built.
De regio Kimberley ligt in het noordwesten van het Australische continent. Het werd vernoemd naar de Earl of Kimberley. Met 320.000 km² is het gebied 30% groter dan de bondsrepubliek Duitsland, maar er leven maar rond 15.000 mensen, hoofdzakelijk in kleine, dicht aan de kust gelegen plaatsen en op reusachtige runderfarms. Het gebied is zelfs tot vandaag de dag grotendeels niet onderzocht. Dit geldt ook voor de kustlijn Kimberly Coast met zijn centrum, de stad Broome met ca. 18.000 inwoners.
King Island is a Tasmanian island, located at the western end of Bass Strait, which runs between Tasmania and Australia. Together with the Furneaux Group east of Tasmania King Island belongs to the remains of the former land bridge to mainland Australia. The island is named after Philip Gidley King (1758 - 1808) the former Governor of New South Wales to which the area of ​​Tasmania belonged at that time. About 1,600 people live on King Island. Largest city on the island is Curry. The former mining town Grassy, ​​in the east of the island, is known today for its penguin colonies at the harbor.
The Kangaroo Island is the third largest island of Australia. It is located 112 kilometers south-west of Adelaide in the Gulf of St Vincent, 13 kilometers from the coast at the top of the Fleurieu Peninsula in the federal state of "South Australia", is 145 km long and between 900 meters and 57 kilometers wide.
The Diamond Islands belong to the Coral Sea Islands. This group of small tropical islands and reefs, with a coastline of 3,000 km with a total land area of only 3 km2, is located in the Coral Sea, northeast of Australia. In none of these islands, there is a port, there are just anchorages sites off the coast. The Coral Sea Islands have belong since 1969, as created territory, to Australia.
The group of the four Lacepede Islands (East Iceland, Iceland Middletown, Sandy Iceland and west Iceland) is located off the Australian north west coast. In 1801 the French explorer Nicolas Baudin discovered the four islands, naming it after the famous zoologist and naturalist Bernard Germain Etienne Médard de La Ville-sur-Illon, Comte de La Cepede, whose son was also present at the discovery of the islands. Today the  Lacepede Islands are officially nature protected.
Het Lizard Island ligt ten noordoosten van Australië, direkt in het grote Barrier Riff. Het eiland is een ongeëvenaard paradijs in de Grote Oceaan omdat het vele voordelen met zich mee brengt.
The small island Lord Howe off the East coast of Australia lies in the Tasman Sea. It is of volcanic origin and therefore offers incredible natural phenomena and diverse wildlife. The port is located in the west of the island in the middle of the city and from here you can reach all beaches, either on foot or by bicycle, (there is hardly any public transportation - but they are not even necessary).
Mackay (about 62,000 inhabitants) lies at the mouth of the Pioneer River, almost exactly halfway between Brisbane and Cairns and has a heavy  Victorian influence. In close proximity is the holiday region of the Whitsunday Islands.
Upstream is the world-famous Great Barrier Reef.
Around is a huge farming and cattle breeding area with fertile valleys, where a lot of sugar cane is cultivated. Expansive river deltas characterize the region.
Melbourne, met ongeveer 4,3 miljoen inwoners de op één na grootste stad van Australië, is de hoofdstad van de bondsstaat Victoria, gelegen aan de Port Phillip Bay en de monding van de Yarra River. Het gebied waarin de stad ligt, werd voor het eerst in 1803 verkend door Europeanen. In 1835 hebben rivaliserende groepen uit Tasmanië zich hier bevestigd en gaven het de naam Port Phillip. In tegenstelling tot andere nederzettingen in het zuidoosten van Australië, was Melbourne nog nooit een strafkolonie, maar werd van het begin af aan als woongebied met brede straten en grote parken gepland. In 1837 kreeg de stad, ter ere van de daarmalige premier-minister van Groot-Brittannië, William Lamb, 2e Burggraaf Melbourne, zijn huidige naam.
The Montebello Islands are an uninhabited archipelago located in the Indian Ocean, off the northwest coast of Australia. Only 35 of the 174 islands have a name. The two largest islands are Hermite Island and Trimouille Island. In May 1622 the first Europeans reached the islands, when a ship of the British East India Company ran aground a coral reef. Since the 19th century the waters around the island have been systematically used  for pearl fishing.