Basel / Switzerland
Basel is a city in Switzerland at the border triangle of Switzerland, Germany and France. They, together with the villages of Riehen and Bettingen form the canton Basel-Stadt. Basel is divided into Kleinbasel on the right and Großbasel with the Cathedral Hill on the left bank of the Rhine. Integrated into the city is the former fishing village Kleinhüningen.
The actual center of Basel's old town in Großbasel around the market square and the town hall from the 14th century. With its narrow streets and alleys, the old town invites you to strollon both sides of the Middle Rhine bridge. In the partly car-free downtown visitors can take the tram.
On the Muenster mountain rises the Basel cathedra dedicated in 1019 by the founders Emperor Henry II and Empress Kunigunde as a monument of Romanesque and Gothic architecture in red sandstone.
Basel is regarded as one of Europe's most important museum cities. The Art Museum Basel (largest art museum in Switzerland) stands out as the oldest municipal art collection in the world. Key aspects of the museum are artists of the Renaissance as well as the 19th and 20th centuries. Works from around 1960 are on display at the Museum of Contemporary Art. Other important art collections include the Tinguely Museum Basel and the private Fondation Beyeler which houses in a building designed by Renzo Piano pictures and sculptures primarily of classical modernism. The show room opened in 2003 and is conceptually a mix between public museum, conservatory and Art Research Institute.
Basel is home to many interesting architectural gems. Besides evidence of early modernism with buildings of Karl Moser (concrete church of St. Anthony 1925-27), Hans Bernoulli, Hannes Meyer and Hans Schmid, in the 80s and 90s buildings of Basel office Herzog & de Meuron, servants or Morger and Degelo have been added. Internationally renowned architects such as Renzo Piano (Museum Fondation Beyeler) or Donald Judd have built in Basel.
The 105-meter-high Trade Fair Tower with 31 floors is the tallest commercial building in Switzerland.
Basel is known far beyond its borders for its carnival. Start and at the same time highlight of the Basler carnival is the Morgestraich which begins during the night from Sunday to Monday after Ash Wednesday at four o'clock.