Остров Барахун / Папуа-Новая Гвинея
Papua New Guinea is after Indonesia and Madagascar the third largest island state in the world. It lies in the Pacific, is part of the Australian continent and includes the eastern part of the island of New Guinea (the western part, West Papua, one of Indonesia) as well as several offshore islands.
Papua New Guinea consists of over 600 islands and is located in the middle of a long chain of islands that extends as an extension of the Southeast Asian mainland in the South Pacific.
The country is 160 km north of Australia and covers the eastern half of New Guinea, the second largest non-continental island in the world. The national territory also includes the smaller islands of the Bismarck Archipelago (New Britain, New Ireland, Manus), the D'Entrecasteaux Islands, the northern Solomons (Bougainville and Buka) and the three islands of the Louisiade group. The western half of the main island is the Indonesian province of Irian Jaya. The larger islands of Papua New Guinea are mountainous and rugged, crisscrossed by large, fertile valleys. Rivers from the highlands flow down into the coastal plains with steep gradients. From the north coast of the main island extends a number of still active volcanoes to the island of New Britain. North and south of the central mountain range are large mangrove swamps and vast estuaries.
На юго-востоке некоторых островов есть вулканы и теплые озера. Папуа-Новая Гвинея имеет наибольшее количество различных экосистем в южной части Тихого океана, в том числе пять различных видов низинных тропических лесов, горных тропических лесов 13 видов, пять различных пальм и заболоченные типов леса и три различных типа мангровых лесов.